Endnote: An introduction

What is endnote?

EndNote is a commercial reference management software package, used to manage bibliographies and references when writing essays and articles. It is made by Thomson Scientific.

EndNote groups citations into “libraries” with the file extension *.enl and a corresponding *.data folder. There are several ways to add a reference to a library: manually, exporting, importing, connecting from EndNote. The program presents the user with a window containing a drop-down menu to select the type of reference they require (book, newspaper article, film, congressional legislation, etc.), and fields ranging from the general (author, title, year) to those specific to the kind of reference (ISBN number, abstract, reporter’s name, running time, etc.) Most bibliographic databases allow users to export references to their EndNote libraries. This enables the user to select multiple citations and saves the user from having to manually enter the citation information and the abstracts. There are some databases (e.g. PubMed) in which the user needs to select citations, select a specific format, and save them as .txt files. By then going to EndNote, the user can then import the citations into the EndNote software. It is also possible to search library catalogs and free databases such as PubMed from within the EndNote software program itself.

If the user fills out the necessary fields, EndNote can automatically format the citation into whatever format the user wishes from a list of over two thousand different styles.

Step by step instruction for using Endnote

This is a printable manual I found on the internet. Recognition for the manual is given in the reference section.

Pdf file
Pdf file


A full blown manual from the company can be obtained here:

adept_10_100EndNote 9 manual

Are you lazy?

If you are lazy going through the manual, here is a link to a few video instruction manual I found on YouTube.

EndNote XI Tutorials – Format Bibliography:

EndNote XI Tutorials – Edit Citations:

EndNote XI Tutorials – CWYW Overview:

EndNote XI Tutorials – Find Citations:


  1. http://www.lib.rush.edu/library/pdf/EndNote.pdf
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EndNote
  3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q8qRjvN0NsM&feature=PlayList&p=1D0971DAEB4B2E73&playnext=1&playnext_from=PL&index=29
  4. EndNote XI Tutorials – Edit Citations
  5. EndNote XI Tutorials – CWYW Overview
  6. EndNote XI Tutorials – Find Citations

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Khairul Osman

A biomedical science graduate with a passion for computer programming, microscopy and mathematics.

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