Effect of in vitro selenium supplementation on sperm quality in asthenoteratozoospermic men.

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Effect of in vitro selenium supplementation on sperm quality in asthenoteratozoospermic men.

Andrologia. 2017 Aug 06;:

Authors: Ghafarizadeh AA, Vaezi G, Shariatzadeh MA, Malekirad AA

Abstract
Sperm DNA damage, excessive oxidative stress and decrease in motility ‎may lead to low fertilisation or poor‎ assisted reproductive techniques outcomes in asthenoteratozoospermic ‎men. Selenium was considered as essential element for male reproductive functions. Selenium has important role in enzymatic process for elimination of excessive reactive oxygen species and helps to maintain membrane integrity. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of selenium supplementation on sperm quality, DNA fragmentation, mitochondrial membrane potential and membrane lipid peroxidation during sperm sampling in vitro at different times. In this experimental study, semen samples were collected from 50 asthenoteratozoospermic men. Samples were divided into two groups as control group and test group (incubated with 2 μg/ml selenium at 37°C for 2, 4 and 6 hr). Motility and viability were assessed based on WHO 2010 criteria. Mitochondrial membrane potential, sperm DNA fragmentation and malondialdehyde levels were evaluated in each group. Results revealed that motility, viability and mitochondrial membrane potential were significantly higher in the test group (p < .05). Also malondialdehyde levels were significantly lower in the test group (p < .03). DNA fragmentation significantly decreased in the test group after 6 hr of incubation (p < .02). In conclusion, in vitro selenium supplementation may protect spermatozoa from maltreatment effect of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during sperm sampling via keeping enzymatic and antioxidant process in optimum condition.

PMID: 28782302 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Bisphenol A induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in mice testes: Modulation by selenium.

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Bisphenol A induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in mice testes: Modulation by selenium.

Andrologia. 2017 Jul 18;:

Authors: Kaur S, Saluja M, Bansal MP

Abstract
Spermatogenesis, a highly coordinated process, is prone to environmental insults which may lead to impaired spermatogenesis or, at worst, infertility. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known global environmental toxicant and a ubiquitous oestrogenic chemical. This study evaluated the role of selenium (0.5 ppm sodium selenite/kg diet) on spermatogenesis after BPA treatment in different groups of male BALB/c mice: control, selenium, BPA and selenium+BPA. Markers of oxidative stress and apoptosis were evaluated in testis after BPA treatment. Significant decrease in sperm concentration and motility and increased reactive oxygen species(ROS) and LPO levels were seen in BPA group. Histopathological changes revealed extensive vacuolisation, lumen devoid of spermatozoa and decreased germ cell count, confirmed by testicular germ cell count studies. TUNEL assay for apoptosis showed increased number of TUNEL-positive germ cells in BPA group with increased percentage apoptotic index. However, in Se+BPA group, histopathological studies revealed systematic array of all germ cells, preserved basement membrane with relatively less vacuolisation, improved sperm parameters and ROS and LPO levels and decreased number of TUNEL-positive germ cells. These results clearly demonstrate the role of selenium in ameliorating oxidative stress and apoptosis induced upon BPA treatment in mice and can be further used as therapeutic target in male infertility.

PMID: 28719015 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Cumene hydroperoxide induced changes in oxidation-reduction potential in fresh and frozen seminal ejaculates.

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Cumene hydroperoxide induced changes in oxidation-reduction potential in fresh and frozen seminal ejaculates.

Andrologia. 2017 Mar 15;:

Authors: Agarwal A, Sharma R, Henkel R, Roychoudhury S, Sikka SC, du Plessis S, Sarda YB, Speyer C, Nouh M, Douglas C, Kayali Z, Elshaer A, Sabanegh E

Abstract
Oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) is a newer integrated measure of the balance between total oxidants (reactive oxygen species-ROS) and reductants (antioxidants) that reflects oxidative stress in a biological system. This study measures ORP and evaluates the effect of exogenous induction of oxidative stress by cumene hydroperoxide (CH) on ORP in fresh and frozen semen using the MiOXSYS Analyzer. Semen samples from healthy donors (n = 20) were collected and evaluated for sperm parameters. All samples were then flash-frozen at -80°C. Oxidative stress was induced by CH (5 and 50 μmoles/ml). Static ORP (sORP-(mV/10(6) sperm/ml) and capacity ORP (cORP-μC/10(6) sperm/ml) were measured in all samples before and after freezing. All values are reported as mean ± SEM. Both 5 and 50 μmoles/ml of CH resulted in a significant decline in per cent motility compared to control in pre-freeze semen samples. The increase in both pre-freeze and post-thaw semen samples for sORP was higher in the controls than with 50 μmoles/ml of CH. The change from pre-freeze to post-thaw cORP was comparable. The system is a simple, sensitive and portable tool to measure the seminal ORP and its dynamic impact on sperm parameters in both fresh and frozen semen specimens.

PMID: 28294377 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Supplementing oregano essential oil to boar diet with strengthened fish oil: Effects on semen antioxidant status and semen quality parameters.

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Supplementing oregano essential oil to boar diet with strengthened fish oil: Effects on semen antioxidant status and semen quality parameters.

Andrologia. 2017 Feb 22;:

Authors: Liu Q, Duan RJ, Zhou YF, Wei HK, Peng J, Li JL

Abstract
Previous research has shown benefits of dietary fish oil supplementation on semen quality of boars. However, little is known about how antioxidant protects lipid peroxidation on spermatozoa from n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) addition. This study evaluated the effect of oregano essential oil (OEO) supplementation on semen antioxidant status and semen quality in boars fed a diet enriched with fish oil. Thirty-four mature boars of proven fertility, received daily 2.5 kg basal diet top-dressed with 45 g soybean oil and 15 g fish oil to meet the n-3 PUFA requirement of spermatozoa, randomly allocated to one of four groups supplemented with 100 mg α-tocopheryl acetate kg(-1) (control), or 250 or 500 or 750 mg OEO kg(-1) for 16 weeks. Semen was collected at weeks 0, 8, 12 and 16 for measurements of sperm production, motion characteristics, sperm α-tocopherol content, antioxidant enzyme activities, reactive oxygen species (ROS), DNA damage (8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine, 8-OHdG), lipoperoxidation (malondialdehyde, MDA) and seminal total antioxidant capacity (TAC). Sperm production and motion characteristics were similar (p > .05) among groups throughout the experimental week 16, but increased (p < .01) with experimental week. Although higher α-tocopherol content and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were in OEO group spermatozoa, feeding diet with 500 mg/kg OEO resulted in elevation in seminal TAC, decrease in sperm ROS, MDA and 8-OHdG than control group (p < .05). Overall, these results support the view that oregano essential oil has a positive effect on antioxidant capacity in boar when used fish oil.

PMID: 28224651 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

In vitro reprotoxicity of carboxyl-functionalised single- and multi-walled carbon nanotubes on human spermatozoa.

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In vitro reprotoxicity of carboxyl-functionalised single- and multi-walled carbon nanotubes on human spermatozoa.

Andrologia. 2016 Dec 21;:

Authors: Aminzadeh Z, Jamalan M, Chupani L, Lenjannezhadian H, Ghaffari MA, Aberomand M, Zeinali M

Abstract
Reproductive toxicity of carboxyl-functionalised carbon nanotubes (CNT-COOH), as the most commonly used form of water-soluble CNTs, is not clearly studied. The aim of this study was to investigate in vitro toxicity of carboxylated single-walled and multi-walled CNTs (SWCNT-COOH and MWCNT-COOH) against human spermatozoa. Sperm cells from healthy donors were incubated with 0.1-100 μg/ml of SWCNT-COOH or MWCNT-COOH at 37°C for up to 5 hr. Viability of sperm cells was assessed using MTT test, and sperm motility was evaluated following World Health Organization guideline. Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) in sperm was also assessed. We showed that both MWCNT-COOH and SWCNT-COOH following incubation in vitro with human spermatozoa did not exert negative effect on viability while motility was significantly (p < .05) dropped in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, there was no significant effect of the type, dose and exposure time of the CNT-COOH on NO production. Exposure of sperm cells to both examined types of CNTs at concentrations as low as 0.1 μg/ml caused a significant increase in ROS levels. In conclusion, carboxylated forms of CNTs seem to be harmful for human spermatozoa. Further studies, especially using in vivo models, are needed to decide about reprotoxicity of carboxylated forms of CNTs.

PMID: 28000929 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Are oxidative stress markers associated with unexplained male infertility?

Are oxidative stress markers associated with unexplained male infertility?

Andrologia. 2016 Aug 10;

Authors: Mayorga-Torres BJ, Camargo M, Cadavid ÁP, du Plessis SS, Cardona Maya WD

Abstract
Male infertility can be responsible for up to 20% of the cases attending fertility consultation facilities; nonetheless, the underlying molecular mechanisms that could explain it are still elusive. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate conventional and functional parameters of semen samples from patients who presented with male infertility of unknown origin. Conventional semen parameters and functional parameters (i.e. intracellular reactive oxygen species production, mitochondrial membrane potential, sperm chromatin structure assay, sperm membrane lipid peroxidation and antioxidant capacity of seminal plasma) were evaluated on semen samples from 54 healthy donors, 23 patients with idiopathic infertility and 34 fertile controls. No significant differences were observed in the conventional seminal parameters between the fertile and infertile men. However, increased intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and DNA fragmentation were observed in the infertile patients compared to the fertile group. Alterations in intracellular ROS production and DNA fragmentation could be associated with male idiopathic infertility. These parameters could eventually distinguish both groups more accurately than the conventional parameters. Our current results are encouraging, and the efficacy of these parameters in the clinical settings needs to be further assessed to establish their predictive potential as a marker of unexplained male infertility.

PMID: 27506165 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Antioxidant effect of hydroxytyrosol on human sperm quality during in vitro incubation.

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Antioxidant effect of hydroxytyrosol on human sperm quality during in vitro incubation.

Andrologia. 2016 May 2;

Authors: Kedechi S, Zribi N, Louati N, Menif H, Sellami A, Lassoued S, Ben Mansour R, Keskes L, Rebai T, Chakroun N

Abstract
The aim of the study was to evaluate the antioxidant potential of hydroxytyrosol (HT) on human sperm quality during incubation in vitro. Semen samples collected from men attending the Laboratory of Histology-Embryology of Sfax Faculty of Medicine (Tunisia) for infertility investigations were evaluated for initial sperm parameters. Only normal selected ejaculates (n = 15) were centrifuged and incubated further with or without HT (200ug ml(-1) ) at room temperature for 45 min. After incubation, sperm motility and viability, DNA oxidation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were assessed. The results showed that centrifugation significantly influenced sperm motility and viability. The supplementation of HT in incubating media improved (P = 0.01) significantly sperm viability and decreased sperm DNA oxidation (P < 0.001) and ROS levels (P = 0.03) following centrifugation. It can be concluded that supplementation of HT might be helpful to maintain the human spermatozoon after centrifugation.

PMID: 27135983 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor on sperm function, oxidative stress and membrane integrity in human.

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Effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor on sperm function, oxidative stress and membrane integrity in human.

Andrologia. 2016 May 2;

Authors: Najafi A, Amidi F, Sedighi Gilani MA, Moawad AR, Asadi E, Khanlarkhni N, Fallah P, Rezaiian Z, Sobhani A

Abstract
Oxidative stress has negative impacts on the clinical outcomes of assisted reproduction techniques. The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) promotes the viability of nerve cells and is known to decrease oxidative stress and apoptosis in different cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of BDNF treatment on human sperm functions that are known to be essential for fertilisation. Our findings showed that treatment of human spermatozoa with 0.133 nM BDNF significantly increased the percentages of both total (P = 0.001) and progressive (P < 0.01) motile sperm cells compared to those observed in the nontreated (control) group. We also showed that the mean fluorescence intensity of DCFH-DA, as an indicator of intracellular reactive oxygen species, was significantly lower (P < 0.05) in spermatozoa treated with BDNF compared to the control group. Treatment of spermatozoa with BDNF significantly decreased the percentages of both dead (P = 0.001) and apoptotic-like sperm cells (P < 0.05) compared to the control group. On the other hand, BDNF treatment significantly increased the percentage of viable sperm cells compared to the control (P = 0.001). In conclusion, BDNF has protective effects against oxidative stress in spermatozoa and could improve sperm functions that are essential for sperm-egg fusion and subsequent fertilisation.

PMID: 27136309 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Effect of levofloxacin treatment on semen hyperviscosity in chronic bacterial prostatitis patients.

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Effect of levofloxacin treatment on semen hyperviscosity in chronic bacterial prostatitis patients.

Andrologia. 2015 Aug 10;

Authors: Vicari LO, Castiglione R, Salemi M, Vicari BO, Mazzarino MC, Vicari E

Abstract
Changes in seminal fluid viscosity (SFV), reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, cytokines and seminal leucocyte concentration related to microbiological outcome in patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) were studied. One hundred and ten infertile patients with CBP (positive sperm culture ≥10(5) colony-forming units [CFU] ml(-1) , pathogens or Chlamydia in expressed prostatic secretions) were treated with levofloxacin 500 mg daily for 14 consecutive days per month for 3 months. In case of bacterial prostatitis, two conditions were examined: responders, eradication of 0 to <10(3)  CFU ml(-1) (n = 78) and poor responders, >10(3) to <10(5)  CFU ml(-1) (n = 32). Compared with poor responders, responders showed a significant increase of sperm progressive motility and a significant decrease in seminal leucocyte count, SFV, liquefaction time, ROS production (in all fractions and conditions), seminal tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukin 6. None of these variables showed significant differences compared with a control group of 37 fertile men. On the other hand, the poor responders showed significant changes in these variables compared with matched pretreatment values. In patients with CBP, antibiotic therapy alone leads to eradication in ≈71%, with improvement of sperm progressive motility, SFV and the framework of prooxidative factors. However, in the remaining ≈29% with poor antibiotic responsiveness, a deterioration of all variables is observed.

PMID: 26259725 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Protective effect of Zingiber officinale extract on rat testis after cyclophosphamide treatment.

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Protective effect of Zingiber officinale extract on rat testis after cyclophosphamide treatment.

Andrologia. 2014 Aug;46(6):680-6

Authors: Mohammadi F, Nikzad H, Taghizadeh M, Taherian A, Azami-Tameh A, Hosseini SM, Moravveji A

Abstract
Decreasing the side effects of chemotherapy in testis has been the subjects of many studies. In this study, the protective effects of Zingiber officinale extract on rat testis were investigated after chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide. Histological and biochemical parameters were compared in cyclophosphamide-treated rats with or without ginger extract intake. Wistar male rats were randomly divided into four groups each 10. The control group received a single injection of 1 ml isotonic saline intraperitoneally. The Cyclophosphamide (CP) group received a single dose of cyclophosphamide (100 mg kg(-1) BW) intraperitoneally. CP + 300 and CP + 600 groups received orally 300 or 600 mg of ginger extract, respectively, for a period of 6 weeks after cyclophosphamide injection. The morphologic and histological structure of the testis was compared in different groups of the rats. Also, factors like malondialdehyde, reactive oxygen species, total antioxidant capacity and testosterone level were assessed in blood serum as well. Our results showed that although ginger extract could not change testis weight, malondialdehyde (MDA) and ROS, but antioxidant and testosterone levels in serum were increased significantly. Also, an obvious improved histological change was seen in CP + 300 and CP + 600 groups in comparison with CP group. These protective effects of ginger on rat testis after cyclophosphamide treatment could be attributed to the higher serum level of antioxidants.

PMID: 23889539 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]